*Levels of Depression
*Levels of Depression
Author: Jerold R. Gold Ph.D.
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This essay is concerned with the phenomenology and overt behavioral and psychological manifestations of the different types or "levels" of depressive psychopathology. The history of the unitary vs. dual disorder controversy is reviewed, as are current studies which attempt to test the utility of nosological work and to validate or disprove the commonly accepted differentiation of depression into such levels as neurotic-reactive , endogenous-psychotic, and characterological. (51 pp.)

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